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How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Reducing one's tendency to interpret ambiguous situations negatively can improve symptoms of social anxiety. This study examines the effectiveness of a 1-week period of online Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretations (CBM-I) for socially anxious individuals. In addition to measuring intervention effectiveness through traditional trait measures, this study investigates whether associated state measures are sensitive to intervention effects in daily life. Methods: One-hundred and six participants scoring high on a measure of trait social anxiety completed two in-lab sessions separated by 5 weeks of ecological momentary assessment, with 51 participants randomly assigned to receive the online CBM-I intervention halfway through the 5-week monitoring period. Results: CBM-I training was more effective than monitoring alone in reducing trait negative interpretation bias, indicating target engagement. However, this change was not reliably accompanied by changes on other cognitive processing style outcomes. Further, while trait and state social anxiety symptoms and fear of negative evaluation improved, these changes were not unique to the CBM-I intervention group. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the challenges and opportunities associated with investigating intervention effects in daily life. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Cognitive Therapy & Research is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0147-5916
    • Accession Number:
      10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2
    • Accession Number:
      143038778
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DANIEL, K. E. et al. How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations. Cognitive Therapy & Research, [s. l.], v. 44, n. 3, p. 538–556, 2020. DOI 10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=143038778. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Daniel KE, Daros AR, Beltzer ML, Boukhechba M, Barnes LE, Teachman BA. How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations. Cognitive Therapy & Research. 2020;44(3):538-556. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2
    • APA:
      Daniel, K. E., Daros, A. R., Beltzer, M. L., Boukhechba, M., Barnes, L. E., & Teachman, B. A. (2020). How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 44(3), 538–556. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Daniel, Katharine E., Alexander R. Daros, Miranda L. Beltzer, Mehdi Boukhechba, Laura E. Barnes, and Bethany A. Teachman. 2020. “How Anxious Are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.” Cognitive Therapy & Research 44 (3): 538–56. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Harvard:
      Daniel, K. E. et al. (2020) ‘How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations’, Cognitive Therapy & Research, 44(3), pp. 538–556. doi: 10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Daniel, KE, Daros, AR, Beltzer, ML, Boukhechba, M, Barnes, LE & Teachman, BA 2020, ‘How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations’, Cognitive Therapy & Research, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 538–556, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Daniel, Katharine E., et al. “How Anxious Are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.” Cognitive Therapy & Research, vol. 44, no. 3, June 2020, pp. 538–556. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Daniel, Katharine E., Alexander R. Daros, Miranda L. Beltzer, Mehdi Boukhechba, Laura E. Barnes, and Bethany A. Teachman. “How Anxious Are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.” Cognitive Therapy & Research 44, no. 3 (June 2020): 538–56. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Daniel KE, Daros AR, Beltzer ML, Boukhechba M, Barnes LE, Teachman BA. How Anxious are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations. Cognitive Therapy & Research [Internet]. 2020 Jun [cited 2020 Sep 26];44(3):538–56. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=143038778