Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Author(s): Vansteelandt, Kristof, ORCID 0000-0002-2562-0447. University Psychiatric Center, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, Vansteelandt, Kristof, ORCID 0000-0002-2562-0447. University Psychiatric Center, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, ; Houben, Marlies, ORCID Houben, Marlies, ORCID 0000-0002-1082-9600. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Claes, Laurence, ORCID Claes, Laurence, ORCID 0000-0002-2287-3158. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Berens, Ann. University Department of Psychiatry, Campus Psychiatric Hospital Duffel, Duffel, Belgium; Sleuwaegen, Ellen. University Department of Psychiatry, Campus Psychiatric Hospital Duffel, Duffel, Belgium; Kuppens, Peter, ORCID Kuppens, Peter, ORCID 0000-0002-2363-2356. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
  • Source:
    Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, Vol 11(4), Jul, 2020. pp. 270-279.
  • Publisher:
    US : Educational Publishing Foundation
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Vansteelandt, Kristof, University Psychiatric Center, KU Leuven, Leuvensesteenweg 517, B-3070, Kortenberg, Belgium, [email protected]
    • Source:
      Personal Disord
    • ISSN:
      1949-2715 (Print)
      1949-2723 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      self-criticism, dependency, affective variability, borderline personality disorder, ecological momentary assessment
    • Abstract:
      Affective variability is a defining feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). We hypothesize that patients with BPD who score higher on self-criticism and/or dependency—patients with a relative emphasis on self-definition and interpersonal relatedness, respectively—are characterized by more affective variability in positive and negative emotions. To examine this hypothesis, a sample of 32 patients with BPD reported their momentary feelings of anger, depression, anxiety, cheerfulness, and relaxation in an experience sampling study with 10 random signals scheduled per day for 8 days. Using heterogeneous linear mixed models, results indicate that patients with BPD who score higher on self-criticism show more within-person variance (WPV) in anger, depression, anxiety, cheerfulness, and feeling relaxed, whereas patients who score higher on dependency show more WPV in anger but less WPV in anxiety and feeling relaxed. Consequently, individual differences in affective variability in BPD are, after adjustment for the confounding between the mean and WPV of affect, related to personality vulnerabilities like self-criticism and dependency. These results add evidence to two-polarities models of personality and the existing view that there is substantial heterogeneity in BPD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Personality Disorders (3217)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
      Inpatient
    • Location:
      Belgium
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Assessment of DSM–IV Personality Disorders
      Depressive Experiences Questionnaire-Dutch Version
      Ecological Momentary Assessment   DOI: 10.1037/t15771-000
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Mathematical Model; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      First Posted: Dec 2, 2019
    • Publication Date:
      20191202
    • Publication Date:
      20200629
    • Copyright:
      American Psychological Association. 2019
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000374
    • Accession Number:
      31789540
    • Accession Number:
      per-11-4-270
    • Accession Number:
      2019-71067-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VANSTEELANDT, K. et al. Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, [s. l.], v. 11, n. 4, p. 270–279, 2020. DOI 10.1037/per0000374. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2019-71067-001. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Vansteelandt K, Houben M, Claes L, Berens A, Sleuwaegen E, Kuppens P. Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 2020;11(4):270-279. doi:10.1037/per0000374.
    • AMA11:
      Vansteelandt K, Houben M, Claes L, Berens A, Sleuwaegen E, Kuppens P. Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 2020;11(4):270-279. doi:10.1037/per0000374
    • APA:
      Vansteelandt, K., Houben, M., Claes, L., Berens, A., Sleuwaegen, E., & Kuppens, P. (2020). Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 11(4), 270–279. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000374
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Vansteelandt, Kristof, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Ellen Sleuwaegen, and Peter Kuppens. 2020. “Self-Criticism and Dependency Predict Affective Variability in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment 11 (4): 270–79. doi:10.1037/per0000374.
    • Harvard:
      Vansteelandt, K. et al. (2020) ‘Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 11(4), pp. 270–279. doi: 10.1037/per0000374.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Vansteelandt, K, Houben, M, Claes, L, Berens, A, Sleuwaegen, E & Kuppens, P 2020, ‘Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study’, Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 270–279, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Vansteelandt, Kristof, et al. “Self-Criticism and Dependency Predict Affective Variability in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, vol. 11, no. 4, July 2020, pp. 270–279. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/per0000374.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Vansteelandt, Kristof, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Ellen Sleuwaegen, and Peter Kuppens. “Self-Criticism and Dependency Predict Affective Variability in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.” Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment 11, no. 4 (July 2020): 270–79. doi:10.1037/per0000374.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Vansteelandt K, Houben M, Claes L, Berens A, Sleuwaegen E, Kuppens P. Self-criticism and dependency predict affective variability in borderline personality disorder: An ecological momentary assessment study. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Jul 4];11(4):270–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2019-71067-001