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Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy.

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  • Author(s): Grégoire, Simon, ORCID 0000-0001-7262-2237. Département d’éducation et pédagogie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, PQ, Canada, Grégoire, Simon, ORCID 0000-0001-7262-2237. Département d’éducation et pédagogie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, PQ, Canada, ; Chénier, Christophe. Département d’administration et fondements de l’éducation, Université de Montréal, Montreal, PQ, Canada; Doucerain, Marina, ORCID Doucerain, Marina, ORCID 0000-0003-0479-6141. Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, PQ, Canada; Lachance, Lise. Département d’éducation et pédagogie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, PQ, Canada; Shankland, Rebecca. Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Psychologie, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
  • Source:
    Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, Jan 09, 2020.
  • Publisher:
    US : Educational Publishing Foundation
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Grégoire, Simon, Département d’éducation et pédagogie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, PQ, Canada, H3C 3P8, [email protected]
    • Source:
      Can J Behav Sci
    • Other Publishers:
      Canada : Canadian Psychological Association
      Canada : University of Toronto Press
    • ISSN:
      0008-400X (Print)
      1879-2669 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      ACT, stress, well-being, psychological flexibility
    • Abstract:
      The aim of this ecological momentary assessment study was to explore how students’ momentary levels of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility fluctuate during an intervention based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Fifty-nine (n = 59) Canadian postsecondary students took part in this study. They were invited to participate in 5 group workshops of 2.5 hr in length and to use a smartphone application designed for ecological momentary assessment. Data collection spanned 5 consecutive weeks. Students were prompted once per day at random times between 8:30 a.m. and 8:30 p.m., for a maximum of 5 times per week and 25 intended prompts. Analyses were conducted using multilevel modeling. The results show that (a) students’ momentary levels of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility did not change significantly during the intervention; (b) students’ momentary psychological flexibility was associated with their momentary stress and well-being; and (c) the association between students’ momentary psychological flexibility and well-being became stronger over time. The results of this within-person research study extend previous between-person studies carried out on ACT and reinforce the importance of helping postsecondary students cultivate psychological flexibility to promote their mental health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Abstract:
      L’objectif de cette étude d’évaluation écologique momentanée était d’explorer comment les niveaux de stress, de bien-être et de souplesse psychologique momentanés chez les étudiants fluctuaient au cours d’une intervention fondée sur l’acceptation et la thérapie d’engagement (ACT). Cinquante-neuf (n = 59) étudiants canadiens aux études postsecondaires ont participé à cette étude. Ils ont été invités à participer à cinq ateliers de groupe d’une durée de deux heures et demie et à utiliser une application de téléphone intelligent conçue pour une évaluation écologique momentanée. La collecte de données s’est échelonnée sur cinq semaines consécutives. Les étudiants recevaient une invitation une fois par jour à des heures aléatoires entre 8 h 30 et 20 h 30, pour un maximum de 5 fois par semaine et 25 invitations prévues. Des analyses ont été effectuées à l’aide de modèles multiniveaux. Les résultats montrent que (a) les niveaux de stress, de bien-être et de souplesse psychologique momentanés chez les étudiants n’ont pas changé de façon significative pendant l’intervention; (b) la souplesse psychologique momentanée des étudiants était associée à leur stress et à leur bien-être momentanés; et (c) l’association entre la souplesse psychologique et le bien-être des étudiants devenait plus forte avec le temps. Les résultats de cette étude de recherche intrapersonnelle approfondissent les études antérieures interpersonnelles réalisées sur l’ACT et renforcent l’importance d’aider les étudiants aux études postsecondaires à cultiver la souplesse psychologique pour promouvoir leur santé mentale. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Abstract:
      Public Significance Statement—Various colleges and universities offer interventions aimed at promoting mental health and helping students develop psychological flexibility. Results of this study suggest that these interventions are worthwhile: when students report being psychologically flexible during their day-to-day routine, they also report less stress and higher levels of well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Cognitive Therapy (3311)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Location:
      Canada
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Psychological Stress Measure-9
      Engaged Living Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t27748-000
      State Mindfulness Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t29421-000
      Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire   DOI: 10.1037/t29449-000
    • Grant Sponsorship:
      Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Canada
      Recipients: No recipient indicated
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Information:
      Online First Posting
    • Publication Date:
      Accepted: Dec 2, 2019; Revised: Nov 26, 2019; First Submitted: Jun 24, 2019
    • Publication Date:
      20200109
    • Copyright:
      Canadian Psychological Association. 2020
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cbs0000175
    • Accession Number:
      cbs-cbs0000175
    • Accession Number:
      2020-01346-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GRÉGOIRE, S. et al. Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, [s. l.], 2020. DOI 10.1037/cbs0000175. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2020-01346-001. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Grégoire S, Chénier C, Doucerain M, Lachance L, Shankland R. Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. January 2020. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • AMA11:
      Grégoire S, Chénier C, Doucerain M, Lachance L, Shankland R. Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. Published online January 9, 2020. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175
    • APA:
      Grégoire, S., Chénier, C., Doucerain, M., Lachance, L., & Shankland, R. (2020). Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement. https://doi.org/10.1037/cbs0000175
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Grégoire, Simon, Christophe Chénier, Marina Doucerain, Lise Lachance, and Rebecca Shankland. 2020. “Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility among College and University Students during Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, January. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Harvard:
      Grégoire, S. et al. (2020) ‘Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy’, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. doi: 10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Grégoire, S, Chénier, C, Doucerain, M, Lachance, L & Shankland, R 2020, ‘Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy’, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Grégoire, Simon, et al. “Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility among College and University Students during Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, Jan. 2020. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Grégoire, Simon, Christophe Chénier, Marina Doucerain, Lise Lachance, and Rebecca Shankland. “Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility among College and University Students during Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, January 9, 2020. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Grégoire S, Chénier C, Doucerain M, Lachance L, Shankland R. Ecological momentary assessment of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility among college and university students during acceptance and commitment therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement [Internet]. 2020 Jan 9 [cited 2020 Jul 4]; Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2020-01346-001