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Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling.

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  • Author(s): Russell, Michael A., ORCID 0000-0002-3956-604X. Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, US, Russell, Michael A., ORCID 0000-0002-3956-604X. Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, US, ; Linden-Carmichael, Ashley N.. Department of Biobehavioral Health and Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, US; Lanza, Stephanie T.. Department of Biobehavioral Health and Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, US; Fair, Emily V., ORCID Fair, Emily V., ORCID 0000-0003-2985-0300. Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, US; Sher, Kenneth J., ORCID Sher, Kenneth J., ORCID 0000-0002-4420-8546. Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, US; Piasecki, Thomas M., ORCID Piasecki, Thomas M., ORCID 0000-0002-2793-2049. Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, US
  • Source:
    Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol 34(3), May, 2020. pp. 434-446.
  • Publisher:
    US : American Psychological Association
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Russell, Michael A., Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 219 Biobehavioral Health Building, University Park, PA, US, 16802, [email protected]
    • Source:
      Psychol Addict Behav
    • Source:
      Bulletin of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors; Bulletin of the Society of Psychologists in Substance Abuse
    • Other Publishers:
      US : Educational Publishing Foundation
      Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
    • ISSN:
      0893-164X (Print)
      1939-1501 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      alcohol, affect regulation models, ecological momentary assessment, multilevel spline modeling
    • Abstract:
      Affect regulation models state that affect both motivates and reinforces alcohol use. We aimed to examine whether affect levels and rates of change differed across drinking versus nondrinking days in a manner consistent with affect regulation models. Four hundred four regularly drinking adults, aged 18–70 years, completed ecological momentary assessments over 3 weeks. Participants provided positive affect (PA; enthusiastic, excited, happy) and negative affect (NA; distressed, sad) reports during all prompts; alcohol consumption reports were also provided. Multilevel spline models revealed that on drinking days, PA was higher and NA was lower both before and after drinking compared to matched times on nondrinking days. PA and NA were also higher and lower, respectively, both before and after drinking, when heavy drinking days were compared to moderate drinking days. Examination of affect rates of change revealed that (a) accelerating increases in PA and accelerating decreases in NA preceded drinking initiation, (b) PA increases and NA decreases were seen up to 2 hr after drinking initiation, and (c) pre- and postdrinking PA increases were larger on heavy versus moderate drinking days, whereas only postdrinking NA decreases were larger on heavy drinking days. Results supported affect regulation models while adding nuance, showing accelerating changes in predrinking affect on drinking days and pre- and postdrinking differences in affect levels and rates of change across days of varying drinking intensity. Beyond theory, our results suggest that accelerating changes in affect may provide a clue to future commencement of heavy drinking, which may aid momentary intervention development. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Drug & Alcohol Usage (Legal) (2990)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Location:
      US
    • Age Group:
      Adolescence (13-17 yrs)
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
      Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
      Thirties (30-39 yrs)
      Middle Age (40-64 yrs)
      Aged (65 yrs & older)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Positive and Negative Affect Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t06070-000
    • Grant Sponsorship:
      Sponsor: National Institute on Drug Abuse, US
      Grant Number: P50 DA039838
      Recipients: Collins (Prin Inv)

      Sponsor: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US
      Grant Number: P50AA011998
      Recipients: No recipient indicated
    • Conference:
      Society for Ambulatory Assessment, 2019
    • Conference Notes:
      Initial findings from this article were presented at the aforementioned conference.
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Supplemental Data:
      Computer Software Internet
      Text Internet
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      First Posted: Jan 23, 2020; Accepted: Dec 14, 2019; Revised: Dec 10, 2019; First Submitted: Aug 15, 2019
    • Publication Date:
      20200123
    • Publication Date:
      20200409
    • Copyright:
      American Psychological Association. 2020
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/adb0000550; http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/adb0000550.supp(Supplemental)
    • Accession Number:
      31971425
    • Accession Number:
      adb-34-3-434
    • Accession Number:
      2020-04478-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RUSSELL, M. A. et al. Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, [s. l.], v. 34, n. 3, p. 434–446, 2020. DOI 10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental). Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2020-04478-001. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Russell MA, Linden-Carmichael AN, Lanza ST, Fair EV, Sher KJ, Piasecki TM. Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2020;34(3):434-446. doi:10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental).
    • AMA11:
      Russell MA, Linden-Carmichael AN, Lanza ST, Fair EV, Sher KJ, Piasecki TM. Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2020;34(3):434-446. doi:10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental)
    • APA:
      Russell, M. A., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Lanza, S. T., Fair, E. V., Sher, K. J., & Piasecki, T. M. (2020). Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 34(3), 434–446. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental)
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Russell, Michael A., Ashley N. Linden-Carmichael, Stephanie T. Lanza, Emily V. Fair, Kenneth J. Sher, and Thomas M. Piasecki. 2020. “Affect Relative to Day-Level Drinking Initiation: Analyzing Ecological Momentary Assessment Data with Multilevel Spline Modeling.” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 34 (3): 434–46. doi:10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental).
    • Harvard:
      Russell, M. A. et al. (2020) ‘Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling’, Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 34(3), pp. 434–446. doi: 10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Russell, MA, Linden-Carmichael, AN, Lanza, ST, Fair, EV, Sher, KJ & Piasecki, TM 2020, ‘Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling’, Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 434–446, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Russell, Michael A., et al. “Affect Relative to Day-Level Drinking Initiation: Analyzing Ecological Momentary Assessment Data with Multilevel Spline Modeling.” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 34, no. 3, May 2020, pp. 434–446. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Russell, Michael A., Ashley N. Linden-Carmichael, Stephanie T. Lanza, Emily V. Fair, Kenneth J. Sher, and Thomas M. Piasecki. “Affect Relative to Day-Level Drinking Initiation: Analyzing Ecological Momentary Assessment Data with Multilevel Spline Modeling.” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 34, no. 3 (May 2020): 434–46. doi:10.1037/adb0000550.supp (Supplemental).
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Russell MA, Linden-Carmichael AN, Lanza ST, Fair EV, Sher KJ, Piasecki TM. Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors [Internet]. 2020 May [cited 2020 Jul 4];34(3):434–46. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2020-04478-001