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Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers.

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  • Author(s): Winter, Taylor, ORCID 0000-0001-5097-9163. School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, Winter, Taylor, ORCID 0000-0001-5097-9163. School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, ; Conner, Tamlin S.. Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; Jose, Paul E.. School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Source:
    Emotion, Mar 26, 2020.
  • Publisher:
    US : American Psychological Association
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Winter, Taylor, School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Kelburn Parade, Kelburn, Wellington, New Zealand, 6012, [email protected]
    • Source:
      Emotion
    • ISSN:
      1528-3542 (Print)
      1931-1516 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      flourishing, affect, psychological well-being, path analysis, experience sampling methods
    • Abstract:
      The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotion suggests that higher levels of positive affect promote an independently measurable state of high psychological well-being termed flourishing. Levels of self-perceived flourishing have been shown to be influenced by past affect, and there is some indication that flourishing may influence future affect. Our study addressed 2 questions: (a) whether a person-centered latent profile analysis based on momentary affective dynamics (intercept, stability, and variability) would identify the expected flourishing profile and (b) whether this profile would exhibit predicted bidirectional relationships between affective experience and self-reported flourishing status. A sample of 1,152 early adults reported momentary positive and negative affect 4 times a day and daily self-perceived flourishing for 13 days. Latent profile analysis identified 3 affective profiles: a positive profile, a mixed profile, and a negative profile. Our results indicate that distinct groups of people can be identified by their affective profiles and that momentary affect predicts changes in future self-perceptions of flourishing. However, we failed to find support for the view that self-perceptions of flourishing reliably predicted changes in levels of future affect. Thus, we only provide mixed support for the broaden-and-build theory and failed to support a key inference of the framework, a bidirectional relationship between experienced affect and self-perceptions of flourishing (at least on the scale of daily momentary change). (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Motivation & Emotion (2360)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Location:
      New Zealand
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
      Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Affect Measures
      Ecological Momentary Assessment   DOI: 10.1037/t15771-000
      Flourishing Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t03126-000
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Information:
      Online First Posting
    • Publication Date:
      Accepted: Jan 17, 2020; Revised: Dec 24, 2019; First Submitted: Mar 18, 2019
    • Publication Date:
      20200326
    • Copyright:
      American Psychological Association. 2020
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/emo0000741
    • Accession Number:
      emo-emo0000741
    • Accession Number:
      2020-20401-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WINTER, T.; CONNER, T. S.; JOSE, P. E. Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers. Emotion, [s. l.], 2020. DOI 10.1037/emo0000741. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2020-20401-001. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Winter T, Conner TS, Jose PE. Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers. Emotion. March 2020. doi:10.1037/emo0000741.
    • AMA11:
      Winter T, Conner TS, Jose PE. Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers. Emotion. Published online March 26, 2020. doi:10.1037/emo0000741
    • APA:
      Winter, T., Conner, T. S., & Jose, P. E. (2020). Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers. Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000741
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Winter, Taylor, Tamlin S. Conner, and Paul E. Jose. 2020. “Identifying Profiles of Affective Change: An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Flourishers.” Emotion, March. doi:10.1037/emo0000741.
    • Harvard:
      Winter, T., Conner, T. S. and Jose, P. E. (2020) ‘Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers’, Emotion. doi: 10.1037/emo0000741.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Winter, T, Conner, TS & Jose, PE 2020, ‘Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers’, Emotion, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Winter, Taylor, et al. “Identifying Profiles of Affective Change: An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Flourishers.” Emotion, Mar. 2020. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/emo0000741.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Winter, Taylor, Tamlin S. Conner, and Paul E. Jose. “Identifying Profiles of Affective Change: An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Flourishers.” Emotion, March 26, 2020. doi:10.1037/emo0000741.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Winter T, Conner TS, Jose PE. Identifying profiles of affective change: An ecological momentary assessment of flourishers. Emotion [Internet]. 2020 Mar 26 [cited 2020 Jul 4]; Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pdh&AN=2020-20401-001