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Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      J Stud Alcohol
    • Physical Description:
      6
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs; Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol
    • ISSN:
      0096-882X (Print)
    • Keywords:
      smell & feel of preferred alcoholic beverage, skin conductance level & heart rate, alcoholics vs nonproblem drinkers
    • Abstract:
      Examined physiological reactivity and self-reported desire to drink in 26 nonproblem drinkers (mean age 34.4 yrs) and 59 hospitalized alcoholics (mean age 37.1 yrs) while Ss held and sniffed their preferred alcoholic beverage. Skin conductance level (SCL) and heart rate during alcohol exposure were significantly higher in the alcoholics than in the nonalcoholics. Self-reported desire to drink and SCL during alcohol exposure were correlated for alcoholics but not for nonalcoholics. Among alcoholics, SCL change was positively correlated with the number of heavy drinking days in the month preceding admission to treatment. Consistent with conditioning models of relapse, alcoholics showed a distinctive response to alcohol cues, characterized by autonomic reactivity and concordance between this reactivity and self-supported desire for alcohol. (19 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
      Adult; Alcohol Drinking; Alcoholism; Arousal; Cues; Female; Galvanic Skin Response; Heart Rate; Humans; Male; Salivation
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Behavior Disorders & Antisocial Behavior (3230)
      Substance Abuse & Addiction (3233)
    • Population:
      Human
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study
    • Physical Description:
      Print
    • Publication Date:
      19860901
    • Publication Date:
      20130429
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267
    • Accession Number:
      4033125
    • Accession Number:
      1986-22164-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KAPLAN, R. F. et al. Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, [s. l.], v. 46, n. 4, p. 267–272, 1985. DOI 10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1986-22164-001. Acesso em: 27 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kaplan RF, Cooney NL, Baker LH, Gillespie RA, Meyer RE, Pomerleau OF. Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1985;46(4):267-272. doi:10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267
    • APA:
      Kaplan, R. F., Cooney, N. L., Baker, L. H., Gillespie, R. A., Meyer, R. E., & Pomerleau, O. F. (1985). Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 46(4), 267–272. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kaplan, Richard F, Ned L. Cooney, Laurence H. Baker, Robert A. Gillespie, Roger E. Meyer, and Ovide F. Pomerleau. 1985. “Reactivity to Alcohol-Related Cues: Physiological and Subjective Responses in Alcoholics and Nonproblem Drinkers.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 46 (4): 267–72. doi:10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267.
    • Harvard:
      Kaplan, R. F. et al. (1985) ‘Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers’, Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 46(4), pp. 267–272. doi: 10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kaplan, RF, Cooney, NL, Baker, LH, Gillespie, RA, Meyer, RE & Pomerleau, OF 1985, ‘Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers’, Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 267–272, viewed 27 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kaplan, Richard F., et al. “Reactivity to Alcohol-Related Cues: Physiological and Subjective Responses in Alcoholics and Nonproblem Drinkers.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol. 46, no. 4, July 1985, pp. 267–272. EBSCOhost, doi:10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kaplan, Richard F, Ned L. Cooney, Laurence H. Baker, Robert A. Gillespie, Roger E. Meyer, and Ovide F. Pomerleau. “Reactivity to Alcohol-Related Cues: Physiological and Subjective Responses in Alcoholics and Nonproblem Drinkers.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 46, no. 4 (July 1985): 267–72. doi:10.15288/jsa.1985.46.267.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kaplan RF, Cooney NL, Baker LH, Gillespie RA, Meyer RE, Pomerleau OF. Reactivity to alcohol-related cues: Physiological and subjective responses in alcoholics and nonproblem drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol [Internet]. 1985 Jul [cited 2020 Oct 27];46(4):267–72. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1986-22164-001