Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression.

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  • Author(s): Kaplan, Deborah. California School of Professional Psychology - Berkeley/alameda, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 57(6-B), Dec, 1996. pp. 4031.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Physical Description:
      1
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • Keywords:
      alexithymia & mood states & fear of negative evaluation & lack of control & independence within families functions, 13–18 bulimic vs alcoholic-using females with difficulties verbalizing distress
    • Abstract:
      This study investigated the psychological functions of bulimia and recurring alcohol use in female adolescents through examining the self-perceptions of teens currently exhibiting either of these disorders. The investigation explored bulimia and alcohol as attempts to alleviate distress and as physical forms of expression. A total of forty-two adolescent females between the ages of 13 and 18 participated in this study. All subjects were currently in treatment for either bulimia or alcohol use problems and were recruited from clinics, therapy groups, and private practices. Twenty-two of the participants satisfied the diagnostic criteria for bulimia. Twenty of the participants satisfied the diagnostic criteria for recurring use of alcohol. Demographic data were obtained through a questionnaire. The bulimic and alcohol-using females were compared along a number of variables. Specifically, the existence of alexithymia, negative mood states, fear of negative evaluation, and lack of control and independence within families were evaluated by the following measures: Twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Emotional Distress Scales, Fear of Negative Evaluation scale, and Independence and Control subscales of the Family Environment Scale. As hypothesized, there were differences between groups along some of these variables. Alcohol-users reported a greater degree of negative mood states when compared to bulimics, while bulimics reported more fear of negative evaluation by others when compared to alcohol-users. Additionally, the majority of both bulimics and alcohol-users scored positively for alexithymia, indicating that most girls in both groups displayed difficulties identifying and verbalizing feelings. Exploratory analyses examined the following for each group: (1) the need for belonging; (2) levels of dissociation during binge eating episodes or alcohol intoxication; and (3) adolescents' understanding of their problem behaviors as related to mood, family, and peers. Explo (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAM9634655
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention (3300)
      Developmental Psychology (2800)
    • Population:
      Human
      Female
    • Age Group:
      Adolescence (13-17 yrs)
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      19960101
    • Accession Number:
      1996-95023-242
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KAPLAN, D. Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression. 1996. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 1996. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242. Acesso em: 25 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kaplan D. Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 1996;57(6-B):4031. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242. Accessed February 25, 2020.
    • APA:
      Kaplan, D. (1996). Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 57, Issue 6–B, p. 4031).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kaplan, Deborah. 1996. “Adolescent Females with Difficulties Verbalizing Distress: Bulimia and Alcohol Use as Physical Forms of Self-Expression.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242.
    • Harvard:
      Kaplan, D. (1996) Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242 (Accessed: 25 February 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kaplan, D 1996, ‘Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 57, no. 6–B, p. 4031, viewed 25 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kaplan, Deborah. “Adolescent Females with Difficulties Verbalizing Distress: Bulimia and Alcohol Use as Physical Forms of Self-Expression.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 57, no. 6–B, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dec. 1996, p. 4031. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kaplan, Deborah. “Adolescent Females with Difficulties Verbalizing Distress: Bulimia and Alcohol Use as Physical Forms of Self-Expression.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 1996. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kaplan D. Adolescent females with difficulties verbalizing distress: Bulimia and alcohol use as physical forms of self-expression [Internet]. Vol. 57, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 1996 [cited 2020 Feb 25]. p. 4031. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1996-95023-242