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The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance.

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  • Author(s): Lee, Cindy Kiem. California School of Professional Psychology - Fresno, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 58(10-B), Apr, 1998. pp. 5648.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Physical Description:
      1
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • Keywords:
      The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance (eating disorders)
    • Abstract:
      Recent literature claims that eating disorders have reached epidemic proportions in the United States. The overall prevalence rate of eating disorders as high as 11.4% has been reported (Hoek, 1993). Clearly, eating-related disturbances, such as preoccupation with body weight and dieting, are also prevalent. Furthermore, increasingly researchers are recognizing that eating disorders may not always be distinctly categorized by the diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) and that eating disorders may lie on a continuum. Despite the abundance of literature on eating disorders, the search for etiology continues to be complex. Research trends seem to have shifted from conceptualizing eating disorders within a particular theoretical framework to a multidimensional approach. This latter approach views eating disorders as multiply layered with influences from the socioculture, the individual, and the family. Along these lines, research trends since the early 1980s emphasize the multifaceted aspect of eating disorders and the importance of understanding the development of specific symptoms. Researchers, therefore, are advocating for the need to look at specific symptoms of eating disorders rather than specific diagnoses (e.g., Waller, 1994). Thus, the present study attempted to integrate these recent trends. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance in a sample of 78 European American college females. Specifically, the three areas of family dysfunction examined were parental marital dissatisfaction, family conflict, and degree of family cohesion. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that perceived family dysfunction does not have an impact on body image disturbance as measured by the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2; Garner, 1991), which sampled the degree of satisfaction with one's body parts. However, a similar analysis using the body image disturbance measure of the Structured Interview for Anorexia and Bulimia (SIAB; Fichter et al., 1991) indicated that perceived family dysfunction does have an impact on body image disturbance. This latter measure samples a more comprehensive view of body image disturbance that includes psychological and biological aspects. Thus, research and clinical implications of these divergent results were discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAM9812182
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention (3300)
      Social Psychology (3000)
    • Population:
      Human
      Female
    • Location:
      US
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      19990901
    • Accession Number:
      1998-95008-180
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LEE, C. K. The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance. 1998. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 1998. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180. Acesso em: 2 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Lee CK. The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 1998;58(10-B):5648. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180. Accessed July 2, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Lee CK. The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 1998;58(10-B):5648. Accessed July 2, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180
    • APA:
      Lee, C. K. (1998). The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 58, Issue 10–B, p. 5648).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lee, Cindy Kiem. 1998. “The Impact of Perceived Family Dysfunction on Body Image Disturbance.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180.
    • Harvard:
      Lee, C. K. (1998) The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180 (Accessed: 2 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lee, CK 1998, ‘The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 58, no. 10–B, p. 5648, viewed 2 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Lee, Cindy Kiem. “The Impact of Perceived Family Dysfunction on Body Image Disturbance.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 58, no. 10–B, ProQuest Information & Learning, Apr. 1998, p. 5648. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lee, Cindy Kiem. “The Impact of Perceived Family Dysfunction on Body Image Disturbance.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 1998. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lee CK. The impact of perceived family dysfunction on body image disturbance [Internet]. Vol. 58, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 1998 [cited 2020 Jul 2]. p. 5648. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95008-180