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Impulsivity in women with eating disorders.

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  • Author(s): Kinnetz, Peggy L.. U Cincinnati, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 58(12-B), Jun, 1998. pp. 6813.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Physical Description:
      1
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • Keywords:
      impulsivity & anxiety & depression, women with purging type vs nonpurging type bulimia vs binge-eating/purging type vs restricting type anorexia
    • Abstract:
      Previous research has documented differences between eating disorder subgroups on psychological and behavioral dimensions. Yet, the incidence of impulsivity and relationship to other psychological phenomena in these subgroups has been less well understood particularly in the most recent DSM-IV subgroup, bulimia, nonpurging type. It was hypothesized that there would be an ordering of the four subgroups with bulimia, purging type having the highest impulsivity, anxiety, and depression, followed by bulimia, nonpurging type, anorexia, binge-eating/purging type with anorexia, restricting type having the lowest levels. Obsessive-compulsiveness was expected to be found in reverse order, with anorexia, restricting type having the highest levels and bulimia, purging type the least. Impulsivity was measured by the Barrett Impulsiveness Scale-11, and the researcher constructed Behaviors Questionnaire (BQ). Anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsiveness were measured by the SCL-90-R. To test this among a sample of women (n=58) with one of four variants of eating disorder, a Helmert Contrast was employed. Women with bulimia, binge/purge subtype were found to be more impulsive, with more anxiety and depression, but less obsessive-compulsive than the average of the other three subgroups. However, the averaging of the three subgroups in comparison to bulimia, binge/purge subgroup obscured the fact that anorexia, purging subtype was more impulsive, anxious, depressed and was the most obsessive-compulsive. Data was re-analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance. Women with purging symptoms, whether they had bulimia or anorexia were more depressed and impulsive. Women with anorexia were found to be more obsessive-compulsive. There were no differences in levels of anxiety and no interaction effects. Implications were discussed. Anorexia and bulimia may also be conceptualized as being on a continuum and were operationalized as EDI-2 Drive for Thinness Subscale and EDI-2 Bulimia scores. There were no significant differences between high and low Drive for Thinness and Bulimia scores, quite possibly due to too few n. Across the nine scales of the BQ, internal consistency was found to be high. A factor analysis was performed, yielding four factors. The relationship of these factors to impulsivity and compulsiveness was discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAM9819503
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Psychometrics & Statistics & Methodology (2200)
    • Population:
      Human
      Female
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Symptom Checklist-90–Revised   DOI: 10.1037/t01210-000
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      19991101
    • Publication Date:
      20120109
    • Accession Number:
      1998-95012-270
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KINNETZ, P. L. Impulsivity in women with eating disorders. 1998. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 1998. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kinnetz PL. Impulsivity in women with eating disorders. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 1998;58(12-B):6813. Accessed December 1, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270
    • APA:
      Kinnetz, P. L. (1998). Impulsivity in women with eating disorders [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 58, Issue 12–B, p. 6813).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kinnetz, Peggy L. 1998. “Impulsivity in Women with Eating Disorders.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270.
    • Harvard:
      Kinnetz, P. L. (1998) Impulsivity in women with eating disorders, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270 (Accessed: 1 December 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kinnetz, PL 1998, ‘Impulsivity in women with eating disorders’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 58, no. 12–B, p. 6813, viewed 1 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kinnetz, Peggy L. “Impulsivity in Women with Eating Disorders.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 58, no. 12–B, ProQuest Information & Learning, June 1998, p. 6813. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kinnetz, Peggy L. “Impulsivity in Women with Eating Disorders.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 1998. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kinnetz PL. Impulsivity in women with eating disorders [Internet]. Vol. 58, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 1998 [cited 2020 Dec 1]. p. 6813. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=1998-95012-270