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Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students.

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  • Author(s): Marson, Gia Marie. Rutgers The State U New Jersey - New Brunswick, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 60(11-B), May, 2000. pp. 5782.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Physical Description:
      1
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • Keywords:
      ethnicity, body dissatisfaction & drive for thinness & current & past touch experiences & eating disorder symptomatology, female college students (mean age 19.9 yrs)
    • Abstract:
      Weight preoccupation is not restricted to a few individuals, nor does it include only those people who meet the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. Americans currently live in a society obsessed with women's size, weight, and shape. Furthermore, in the college population, eating disorders and related symptomatology have been identified in at least 10% of females. One of the most important and consistent features of eating disorders and related symptomatology is a disturbance in one's body image. That is, most anorexic and bulimic patients distort, blur, or over-estimate their mental representation of their own body, their body image. Research suggests that body image development can be traced, at least in part, to childhood experiences of nurturance, including nurturing touch. The purpose of this study was to identify associations among eating disorder symptomatology such as body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness, current touch experiences, and past touch experiences. Ethnic differences were also examined. Undergraduate females were recruited for the study (N = 187). The sample's mean age was 19.9 years, and 52% identified as Caucasian, 13% identified as African-American, 6% identified as Hispanic, 27% identified as Asian, and 2% identified as Other. All participants completed a consent form, a short demographic questionnaire, and three self-report measures ordered as follows: the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Touch Experiences Measure, and the California Inventory for Family Assessment. The results of the study were mixed. As expected, preliminary results revealed that subscales taken from specific instruments were significantly related to one another, however, it was unexpected that there were no significant associations between subscales from different measurement instruments. It was found, as expected, that scores on Body Dissatisfaction were predicted by the combined current and past touch variables. In particular, low scores on Physical Intimacy received from mother and high scores on Aversion to Touch predicted high scores on Body Dissatisfaction. On the other hand, the combined predictor variables of current and past touch experiences did not significantly predict Drive for Thinness. This finding was surprising, and suggests a salient difference between the influence of touch experiences toward one's body satisfaction (a feature of body image) and one's drive for achieving the thin ideal. It was also unexpected that no mean differences were found in ethnic groups on past touch, current touch, or eating disorder symptomatology. In conclusion, this study contributes to the literature on body image development. The findings indicate that a lack of perceived nurturing touch experiences between daughters and mothers during childhood may, in part, add to a young girl's vulnerability for body dissatisfaction as she struggles to accept her body self in a society obsessed with the pursuit of unrealistic thinness. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAI9949895
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention (3300)
    • Population:
      Human
      Female
    • Location:
      US
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
      Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      20010228
    • Accession Number:
      2000-95010-023
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MARSON, G. M. Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students. 2000. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 2000. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023. Acesso em: 2 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Marson GM. Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2000;60(11-B):5782. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023. Accessed July 2, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Marson GM. Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2000;60(11-B):5782. Accessed July 2, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023
    • APA:
      Marson, G. M. (2000). Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 60, Issue 11–B, p. 5782).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Marson, Gia Marie. 2000. “Touch and the Development of Body Image Disturbances among Female College Students.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023.
    • Harvard:
      Marson, G. M. (2000) Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023 (Accessed: 2 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Marson, GM 2000, ‘Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 60, no. 11–B, p. 5782, viewed 2 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Marson, Gia Marie. “Touch and the Development of Body Image Disturbances among Female College Students.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 60, no. 11–B, ProQuest Information & Learning, May 2000, p. 5782. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Marson, Gia Marie. “Touch and the Development of Body Image Disturbances among Female College Students.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 2000. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Marson GM. Touch and the development of body image disturbances among female college students [Internet]. Vol. 60, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 2000 [cited 2020 Jul 2]. p. 5782. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2000-95010-023