Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention.

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  • Author(s): Tonkin, Karin M.. Bowling Green State U., US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 67(1-B), 2006. pp. 563.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Physical Description:
      1
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • Keywords:
      obesity, bulimia, binge eating disorder, cognitive behavioral intervention, spiritual intervention, dissatisfaction, body image
    • Abstract:
      This study compared a traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention for the treatment of bulimia (BN) or binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity to a cognitive-behavioral intervention that also contained a spiritual component. The spiritual component addressed disordered eating and weight loss from a spiritual perspective. Eighteen overweight or obese women from communities in northwest Ohio participated in the 16-week intervention. At pre- and post-treatment, weight, body fat, eating disordered behavior, body image, psychosocial factors, nutrition, physical activity, and spirituality were assessed. Results indicated that participants in both groups significantly decreased calories per day, percentages of daily caloric intake from fat and saturated fat consumption as well as significantly decreased weight, body fat, and BMI. Participants reported significantly greater eating/weight efficacy, significantly less eating disordered behaviors, fewer binge eating behaviors, less body dissatisfaction, and increased physical activity. Participants in the CBT plus spiritual intervention did not show significantly greater improvements than participants in the traditional CBT intervention on any outcome measures, including spiritual outcomes. In a qualitative assessment, participants reported that the spiritual component of the program was important to their success. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that a traditional CBT intervention and a CBT plus spiritual intervention are equally effective in helping participants lose weight, decrease body dissatisfaction, caloric consumption, eating disorder behavior, and increase physical activity and weight self-efficacy. Although the spiritual intervention did not result in better treatment outcomes, it is possible that such an intervention might attract participants who might not otherwise engage in a traditional weight loss or eating disorder program. It is also possible that the spiritual intervention might help participants to sustain their positive changes. These questions may be potentially fruitful areas of future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAI3201378
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention (3300)
    • Population:
      Human
      Female
    • Location:
      US
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      20061016
    • Accession Number:
      2006-99014-254
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TONKIN, K. M. Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention. 2006. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 2006. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254. Acesso em: 22 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Tonkin KM. Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2006;67(1-B):563. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254. Accessed February 22, 2020.
    • APA:
      Tonkin, K. M. (2006). Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 67, Issue 1–B, p. 563).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Tonkin, Karin M. 2006. “Obesity, Bulimia, and Binge-Eating Disorder: The Use of a Cognitive Behavioral and Spiritual Intervention.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254.
    • Harvard:
      Tonkin, K. M. (2006) Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254 (Accessed: 22 February 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Tonkin, KM 2006, ‘Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 67, no. 1–B, p. 563, viewed 22 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Tonkin, Karin M. “Obesity, Bulimia, and Binge-Eating Disorder: The Use of a Cognitive Behavioral and Spiritual Intervention.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 67, no. 1–B, ProQuest Information & Learning, 2006, p. 563. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Tonkin, Karin M. “Obesity, Bulimia, and Binge-Eating Disorder: The Use of a Cognitive Behavioral and Spiritual Intervention.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 2006. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Tonkin KM. Obesity, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder: The use of a cognitive behavioral and spiritual intervention [Internet]. Vol. 67, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 2006 [cited 2020 Feb 22]. p. 563. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2006-99014-254