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Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students.

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  • Author(s): Wood, Sarah Clark. U Virginia, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol 73(12-A)(E), 2013.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4209 (Print)
    • ISBN:
      978-1-267-57360-5
    • Keywords:
      learning disorders, disorder diagnosis, high aptitude students, postsecondary students
    • Abstract:
      The current study utilized data from screening and full evaluations for learning disabilities conducted at a university-based learning center. Results from the screening assessments were analyzed to determine the extent to which they predicted the diagnosis of learning disorders in postsecondary students. Mean scores from the screening assessments for high aptitude students were compared with their postsecondary peers'. Additional analyses considered the extent to which screening measure scores correlated with scores from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Fourth Edition (WAIS) and the Woodcock Johnson III Tests of Achievement (WJ III ACH). Results of logistic regression analyses run on the entire sample, as well as twice-exceptional students (defined by diagnosis of a learning disorder and having FSIQ/GAI of 120 or above) revealed the seven screening tests in this battery were not predictive of a diagnosis of learning disorders. However, a small sample size and missing data suggest this finding should be interpreted with caution. Independent sample t-tests revealed that twice-exceptional students with learning disorders and high-aptitude did not display significant differences from their peers on their mean scores on these seven screening tests. Aptitude scores for this sample of twice-exceptional postsecondary students, as measured on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (KBIT), were in the average range and did not differ from students with learning disorders and average aptitude supporting the masking hypothesis. Achievement scores for this sample of twice-exceptional postsecondary students, as measured on the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT), were in the average to above average range and did not differ from other students with learning disorders supporting the belief that twice-exceptional students achieve at levels commensurate with their disability rather than their cognitive strengths. A lack of correlations between the seven screening assessments making up this battery suggests that each instrument measures distinctly different areas. A lack of correlations between four of these measures and WAIS and WJTA scores suggests that these measures may not provide useful information in the screening of learning disorders. Further research should be conducted to gain a better understanding of the abilities these tools measure and their importance in diagnosing learning problems. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAI3525036
      OpenURL: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqm&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:3525036
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Educational Psychology (3500)
    • Population:
      Human
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      20130729
    • Accession Number:
      2013-99110-159
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WOOD, S. C. Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students. 2013. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 2013. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159. Acesso em: 1 jun. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wood SC. Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. 2013;73(12-A(E)). http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159. Accessed June 1, 2020.
    • APA:
      Wood, S. C. (2013). Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences (Vol. 73, Issue 12–A(E)).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wood, Sarah Clark. 2013. “Learning Disorder Diagnosis in High-Aptitude Postsecondary Students.” Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159.
    • Harvard:
      Wood, S. C. (2013) Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students, Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159 (Accessed: 1 June 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wood, SC 2013, ‘Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 73, no. 12–A(E), viewed 1 June 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wood, Sarah Clark. “Learning Disorder Diagnosis in High-Aptitude Postsecondary Students.” Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 73, no. 12–A(E), ProQuest Information & Learning, 2013. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wood, Sarah Clark. “Learning Disorder Diagnosis in High-Aptitude Postsecondary Students.” Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. ProQuest Information & Learning, 2013. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wood SC. Learning disorder diagnosis in high-aptitude postsecondary students [Internet]. Vol. 73, Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. ProQuest Information & Learning; 2013 [cited 2020 Jun 1]. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2013-99110-159