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Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults.

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  • Author(s): Dickter, Cheryl L.. College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, US, Dickter, Cheryl L.. College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, US, ; Burk, Joshua A.. College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, US; Fleckenstein, Katarina. College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, US; Kozikowski, C. Teal. College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, US
  • Source:
    PLoS ONE, Vol 13(3), Mar 29, 2018. ArtID: e0195239
  • Publisher:
    US : Public Library of Science
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Dickter, Cheryl L., [email protected]
    • Source:
      PLoS One
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      autistic traits, social anxiety, differential performance, social cognitive tasks
    • Abstract:
      The current work examined the unique contribution that autistic traits and social anxiety have on tasks examining attention and emotion processing. In Study 1, 119 typically-developing college students completed a flanker task assessing the control of attention to target faces and away from distracting faces during emotion identification. In Study 2, 208 typically-developing college students performed a visual search task which required identification of whether a series of 8 or 16 emotional faces depicted the same or different emotions. Participants with more self-reported autistic traits performed more slowly on the flanker task in Study 1 than those with fewer autistic traits when stimuli depicted complex emotions. In Study 2, participants higher in social anxiety performed less accurately on trials showing all complex faces; participants with autistic traits showed no differences. These studies suggest that traits related to autism and to social anxiety differentially impact social cognitive processing. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
      Adolescent; Adult; Anxiety; Attention; Autistic Disorder; Cognition; Emotions; Facial Expression; Female; Humans; Male; Social Behavior; Young Adult
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Social Perception & Cognition (3040)
      Personality Traits & Processes (3120)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Location:
      US
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
      Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Flanker Task
      Autism Quotient Questionnaire
      Modified Visual Search Task
      Arrow Flanker Task
      Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory
    • Data Set:
      Description: No description available
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Supplemental Data:
      Data Sets Internet
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      First Posted: Mar 29, 2018; Accepted: Mar 9, 2018; First Submitted: Aug 25, 2017
    • Publication Date:
      20181029
    • Publication Date:
      20200702
    • Copyright:
      This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.. Dickter et al.. 2018
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195239
    • Accession Number:
      29596523
    • Accession Number:
      2018-14850-001
    • Number of Citations in Source:
      71
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DICKTER, C. L. et al. Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 13, n. 3, 2018. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0195239. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2018-14850-001. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Dickter CL, Burk JA, Fleckenstein K, Kozikowski CT. Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195239
    • APA:
      Dickter, C. L., Burk, J. A., Fleckenstein, K., & Kozikowski, C. T. (2018). Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults. PLoS ONE, 13(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195239
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Dickter, Cheryl L., Joshua A. Burk, Katarina Fleckenstein, and C. Teal Kozikowski. 2018. “Autistic Traits and Social Anxiety Predict Differential Performance on Social Cognitive Tasks in Typically Developing Young Adults.” PLoS ONE 13 (3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195239.
    • Harvard:
      Dickter, C. L. et al. (2018) ‘Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults’, PLoS ONE, 13(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195239.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Dickter, CL, Burk, JA, Fleckenstein, K & Kozikowski, CT 2018, ‘Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults’, PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 3, viewed 25 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Dickter, Cheryl L., et al. “Autistic Traits and Social Anxiety Predict Differential Performance on Social Cognitive Tasks in Typically Developing Young Adults.” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 3, Mar. 2018. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195239.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Dickter, Cheryl L., Joshua A. Burk, Katarina Fleckenstein, and C. Teal Kozikowski. “Autistic Traits and Social Anxiety Predict Differential Performance on Social Cognitive Tasks in Typically Developing Young Adults.” PLoS ONE 13, no. 3 (March 29, 2018). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195239.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Dickter CL, Burk JA, Fleckenstein K, Kozikowski CT. Autistic traits and social anxiety predict differential performance on social cognitive tasks in typically developing young adults. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2018 Mar 29 [cited 2020 Nov 25];13(3). Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2018-14850-001