Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder.

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  • Author(s): Lalli, Francesca. Sofia University, Residential Clinical Psychology, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 80(8-B)(E), 2019.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • ISBN:
      978-1392070000
    • Keywords:
      eating disorders, shame, self-compassion, human females
    • Abstract:
      Shame, self-directed hostility, and self-criticism are possible risk factors in many psychological conditions as they are involved in the etiology, maintenance, and relapse of symptoms. Among the range of psychological suffering, people with an eating disorder have higher levels of shame. Shame can be: internal, which originates from within and refers to the shameful self-image and negative self-evaluation; external, which originates from social interactions, and refers to the negative image that other people mirror and hold about a person. Treatments that target shame in eating disorders are effective in reducing shame by increasing self-compassion. Self-compassion is a complex construct that comprises many dimensions such as common humanity, kindness, and non judgment. Developing a compassionate attitude towards the self helps decrease levels of shame, self-blame, and self-criticism. The aim of this study was to determine if internal and external shame correlates to the presence of self-compassion in women at risk of developing an eating disorder. Participants (n = 127) were recruited through QuestionPro and they filled out: the Eating Attitude Test, the Other as Shamer Scale, the Internalized Shame Scale, the Self-Compassion Scale. Data were analyzed using the Spearman Rho correlation coefficient. Results show that internal shame negatively correlates to self-compassion (r = -0.466, p < 0.001) and that there is a negative correlation between external shame and self-compassion (r = --0.323, p < 0.001). The present study contributes to the current literature in that it plays a part in filling the lack of research in how the 2 types of shame (internal and external) are correlated to self-compassion. Moreover, this study focused on women who were at risk of developing an eating disorder as opposed to women who have been already diagnosed, offering therefore a fertile ground for the development of preventative approaches. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAI13861089
      OpenURL: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqm&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:13861089
      Advisor(s): Kelly Yi
      Degree: Psy.D., 2019
      Institution: Sofia University
      Department: Residential Clinical Psychology
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      General Psychology (2100)
      Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention (3300)
    • Population:
      Human
      Female
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      20191104
    • Accession Number:
      2019-41141-089
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LALLI, F. Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder. 2019. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089. Acesso em: 28 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Lalli F. Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2019;80(8-B(E)). http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089. Accessed February 28, 2020.
    • APA:
      Lalli, F. (2019). Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 80, Issue 8–B(E)).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lalli, Francesca. 2019. “Self-Compassion, Internal, and External Shame in Women at Risk of Developing an Eating Disorder.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089.
    • Harvard:
      Lalli, F. (2019) Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089 (Accessed: 28 February 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lalli, F 2019, ‘Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 80, no. 8–B(E), viewed 28 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Lalli, Francesca. “Self-Compassion, Internal, and External Shame in Women at Risk of Developing an Eating Disorder.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 80, no. 8–B(E), ProQuest Information & Learning, 2019. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lalli, Francesca. “Self-Compassion, Internal, and External Shame in Women at Risk of Developing an Eating Disorder.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 2019. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lalli F. Self-compassion, internal, and external shame in women at risk of developing an eating disorder [Internet]. Vol. 80, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 2019 [cited 2020 Feb 28]. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41141-089