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Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem.

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  • Author(s): Johnston, Nicholle R.. Biola University, Psychology, US
  • Source:
    Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, Vol 80(8-B)(E), 2019.
  • Publisher:
    US : ProQuest Information & Learning
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Dissertation
  • Publication Type:
    Dissertation Abstract
  • Additional Information
    • Other Journal Titles:
      Dissertation Abstracts International
    • ISSN:
      0419-4217 (Print)
    • ISBN:
      978-1392057025
    • Keywords:
      spiritual college students, spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, self-esteem
    • Abstract:
      Previous literature has identified a relationship between spiritual struggle and suicidal ideation, along with other mental health symptoms such as hopelessness, depression, anxiety, and emotional disorders (Exline, Pargament, Grubbs, Yali, 2014; Larson & Larson, 2003; Seigrist, 1996; Blazek, Kazmierczak, Besta, 2015; De Leo, 2002; Reiger, Peter, Roberts, 2015; Hovey, Hurtado, Morales, & Seligman, 2014). The Center of Disease and Prevention Control identifies suicide as a leading cause of young adult's deaths (2013). Lamberg (2006), suggests that approximately 24,000 college students across the United States attempt suicide each year. However, more prominent than death by suicide is suicidal ideation and suicide attempts (Taliaferro, Rienzo, Pigg, Miller & Dodd 2009). Current literature had not yet explored how belongingness, centrality, and/or self-esteem might be interconnected with spiritual struggle or suicidal ideation. The purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of hopelessness and belongingness, as well as explore the impact of spiritual centrality and self-esteem on the relationship between spiritual struggle and suicidal ideation. The current study included 302 undergraduate college students aged 18--29 (241 Females, 59 Males). Hayes (2013) PROCESS macro for SPSS was utilized to test for mediation and moderation effects. Results of participants who identified as Christian indicated a significant mediation of self-esteem and belongingness between the relationship of spiritual struggle and suicidal ideation. Centrality of religion was found to significantly moderate the relationship between spiritual struggle and suicidal ideation for Christian participants. For non-Christian participants, belongingness as well as self-esteem were found to positively mediate the relationship between spiritual struggle and suicidal ideation. Centrality of religion was found to not be significant moderator for non-Christian participants. Hopelessness was found to be a significant moderator for non-Christians and non-significant for Christian participants. Overall, results indicated that lack of belonging, hopelessness, and self-esteem are contributing factors that may predict suicidal ideation for non-Christians. Lack of belonging, self-esteem and low centrality of religion are contributing factors that may predict suicidal ideation for Christians. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Dissertation Details:
      UMI Order Number: AAI13858881
      OpenURL: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqm&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:13858881
      Advisor(s): R. Jason Brunt
      Degree: Ph.D., 2019
      Institution: Biola University
      Department: Psychology
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention (3300)
    • Population:
      Human
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      20191028
    • Accession Number:
      2019-41142-022
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      JOHNSTON, N. R. Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem. 2019. ProQuest Information & Learning, [s. l.], 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022. Acesso em: 29 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Johnston NR. Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2019;80(8-B(E)). Accessed October 29, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022
    • APA:
      Johnston, N. R. (2019). Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem [ProQuest Information & Learning]. In Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering (Vol. 80, Issue 8–B(E)).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Johnston, Nicholle R. 2019. “Spiritual College Students: Spiritual Struggle, Belongingness, Hopelessness, and Self-Esteem.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022.
    • Harvard:
      Johnston, N. R. (2019) Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022 (Accessed: 29 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Johnston, NR 2019, ‘Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem’, ProQuest Information & Learning, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 80, no. 8–B(E), viewed 29 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Johnston, Nicholle R. “Spiritual College Students: Spiritual Struggle, Belongingness, Hopelessness, and Self-Esteem.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, vol. 80, no. 8–B(E), ProQuest Information & Learning, 2019. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Johnston, Nicholle R. “Spiritual College Students: Spiritual Struggle, Belongingness, Hopelessness, and Self-Esteem.” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning, 2019. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Johnston NR. Spiritual college students: Spiritual struggle, belongingness, hopelessness, and self-esteem [Internet]. Vol. 80, Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. ProQuest Information & Learning; 2019 [cited 2020 Oct 29]. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2019-41142-022