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How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations.

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  • Author(s): Daniel, Katharine E.. Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US, Daniel, Katharine E.. Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US, ; Daros, Alexander R.. Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US; Beltzer, Miranda L., ORCID Beltzer, Miranda L., ORCID 0000-0003-0846-9682. Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US; Boukhechba, Mehdi. Department of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US; Barnes, Laura E.. Department of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US; Teachman, Bethany A.. Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, US
  • Source:
    Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol 44(3), Jun, 2020. pp. 538-556.
  • Publisher:
    Germany : Springer
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Daniel, Katharine E., Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, PO Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA, US, 22904-4400, [email protected]
    • Source:
      Cognit Ther Res
    • Physical Description:
      19
    • ISSN:
      0147-5916 (Print)
      1573-2819 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      cognitive bias modification, interpretations, social threat, ecological momentary assessment, social anxiety, effects
    • Abstract:
      Background: Reducing one’s tendency to interpret ambiguous situations negatively can improve symptoms of social anxiety. This study examines the effectiveness of a 1-week period of online Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretations (CBM-I) for socially anxious individuals. In addition to measuring intervention effectiveness through traditional trait measures, this study investigates whether associated state measures are sensitive to intervention effects in daily life. Methods: One-hundred and six participants scoring high on a measure of trait social anxiety completed two in-lab sessions separated by 5 weeks of ecological momentary assessment, with 51 participants randomly assigned to receive the online CBM-I intervention halfway through the 5-week monitoring period. Results: CBM-I training was more effective than monitoring alone in reducing trait negative interpretation bias, indicating target engagement. However, this change was not reliably accompanied by changes on other cognitive processing style outcomes. Further, while trait and state social anxiety symptoms and fear of negative evaluation improved, these changes were not unique to the CBM-I intervention group. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the challenges and opportunities associated with investigating intervention effects in daily life. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Cognitive Therapy (3311)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Location:
      US
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Brief Body Sensations Interpretations Questionnaire
      Ecological Momentary Assessment   DOI: 10.1037/t15771-000
      Cognitive Flexibility Inventory   DOI: 10.1037/t35973-000
      Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t00048-000
      Emotion Regulation Questionnaire   DOI: 10.1037/t06463-000
      Social Interaction Anxiety Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t00532-000
    • Grant Sponsorship:
      Sponsor: University of Virginia, US
      Other Details: Hobby Postdoctoral and Predoctoral Fellowship Grant
      Recipients: Barnes, Laura E.; Teachman, Bethany A.

      Sponsor: Sponsor name not included
      Grant Number: R01MH113752
      Recipients: Teachman, Bethany A.
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Supplemental Data:
      Tables and Figures Internet
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      First Posted: Mar 11, 2020
    • Publication Date:
      20200316
    • Publication Date:
      20201001
    • Copyright:
      Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. 2020
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2
    • Accession Number:
      2020-18735-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DANIEL, K. E. et al. How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations. Cognitive Therapy and Research, [s. l.], v. 44, n. 3, p. 538–556, 2020. DOI 10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2020-18735-001. Acesso em: 29 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Daniel KE, Daros AR, Beltzer ML, Boukhechba M, Barnes LE, Teachman BA. How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2020;44(3):538-556. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2
    • APA:
      Daniel, K. E., Daros, A. R., Beltzer, M. L., Boukhechba, M., Barnes, L. E., & Teachman, B. A. (2020). How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44(3), 538–556. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Daniel, Katharine E., Alexander R. Daros, Miranda L. Beltzer, Mehdi Boukhechba, Laura E. Barnes, and Bethany A. Teachman. 2020. “How Anxious Are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.” Cognitive Therapy and Research 44 (3): 538–56. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Harvard:
      Daniel, K. E. et al. (2020) ‘How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations’, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44(3), pp. 538–556. doi: 10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Daniel, KE, Daros, AR, Beltzer, ML, Boukhechba, M, Barnes, LE & Teachman, BA 2020, ‘How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations’, Cognitive Therapy and Research, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 538–556, viewed 29 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Daniel, Katharine E., et al. “How Anxious Are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.” Cognitive Therapy and Research, vol. 44, no. 3, June 2020, pp. 538–556. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Daniel, Katharine E., Alexander R. Daros, Miranda L. Beltzer, Mehdi Boukhechba, Laura E. Barnes, and Bethany A. Teachman. “How Anxious Are You Right Now? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Evaluate the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Threat Interpretations.” Cognitive Therapy and Research 44, no. 3 (June 2020): 538–56. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10088-2.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Daniel KE, Daros AR, Beltzer ML, Boukhechba M, Barnes LE, Teachman BA. How anxious are you right now? Using ecological momentary assessment to evaluate the effects of cognitive bias modification for social threat interpretations. Cognitive Therapy and Research [Internet]. 2020 Jun [cited 2020 Oct 29];44(3):538–56. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2020-18735-001