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Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women.

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  • Author(s): Schwartz FG
  • Source:
    COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE 1991; ED.D. 268 p-268 p. (1p)
  • Publication Type:
    Doctoral Dissertation - research
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among anxiety, depression, self-esteem, weight and eating styles in adult working women. A comparative, descriptive and correlational survey design was used to investigate the relationships among the variables Anxiety, Depression, Self-Esteem, Weight and Eating Styles in adult women. Eating styles comprise beliefs about eating, weight, and actual eating behaviors. It includes restrained eating, which is dieting and going off the diet frequently because of a disinhibition, something that causes the dieter to break the diet and develop binge eating patterns when their self control is interrupted. Restrained eaters, appeared to be significantly related to low Self-Esteem, Anxiety, and Depression in young college age females. This study examined these variables in the adult female population. The sample consisted of 225 working women in the New York Metropolitan area. The instruments included (a) Stunkard and Messick's Eating Inventory; (b) Speilberger's Trait Anxiety Inventory; (c) Beck's Depression Inventory; and (d) Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. In addition subjects completed an informational survey which included demographic data as well as life style practices and attitudes concerning weight and food. The Eating Inventory measured three factors in Restraint in Eating; Cognitive Control, Disinhibition and Susceptibility to Hunger. The major findings are: (1) The combination of the variables Anxiety, Depression and Self-Esteem, explained a statistically significant percent of the variance in adult women who scored high/clinical on Disinhibition (Disinhibited Dieters). (2) There was a relationship between Weight, and Disinhibited Dieters, the greater the Disinhibition the more the woman weighed. (3) The Disinhibited Dieters were Overweight, Anxious, Depressed and had a low Self-Esteem, while the Cognitive Controlled Dieters were not Overweight, Anxious, or Depressed, and had a Positive Self-Esteem. (4) Exercise was a variable that distinguished the Cognitive Controlled Dieters from the Disinhibited Dieters.
    • Instrumentation:
      Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
      Eating Inventory (Stunkard and Messick)
      Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)
      Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)
    • Accession Number:
      UMI Order PUZ9121206
    • Publication Date:
      19921001
    • Publication Date:
      20150923
    • Accession Number:
      109870058
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SCHWARTZ FG. Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women. 1991. ED.D. - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE, [s. l.], 1991. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058. Acesso em: 21 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Schwartz FG. Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women. Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women. January 1991:268 p. Accessed October 21, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058
    • APA:
      Schwartz FG. (1991). Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women [ED.D., COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE]. In Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women (p. 268 p).
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Schwartz FG. 1991. “Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles and Weight in Adult Women.” Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women. ED.D., COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058.
    • Harvard:
      Schwartz FG (1991) Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women, Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women. ED.D. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058 (Accessed: 21 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Schwartz FG 1991, ‘Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women’, ED.D. thesis, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE, Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women, p. 268 p, viewed 21 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Schwartz FG. “Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles and Weight in Adult Women.” Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE, Jan. 1991, p. 268 p. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Schwartz FG. “Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles and Weight in Adult Women.” Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women. ED.D., COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE, 1991. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Schwartz FG. Personality characteristics, eating styles and weight in adult women [Internet] [ED.D.]. Personality Characteristics, Eating Styles & Weight in Adult Women. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE; 1991 [cited 2020 Oct 21]. p. 268 p. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=109870058