Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women's Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      The Virginia Consortium Program in Clinical Psychology, 555 Park Avenue, Norfolk, VA 23504, USA
      Department of Psychology, Old Dominion University, 250 Mills Godwin Building, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
      Department of Psychology, Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ, 08028, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      • This study examined distinguishing features of upward body comparisons (UBC). • It is the first study to examine self-improvement (SI) and self-evaluation (SE) UBC in daily life. • SI and SE were associated with more exercise thoughts, but not body dissatisfaction. • Person-level moderators revealed noteworthy differences between SI and SE. • Further research on SI and SE may identify protective mechanisms of UBC. Upward body comparisons are prevalent among college women and associated with body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. However, less is known about distinguishing features of the comparisons themselves as they occur in daily life. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine whether two types of upward body comparisons previously studied experimentally (self-improvement and self-evaluation) are differentially associated with body- and exercise-related outcomes in real-life settings using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Undergraduate women (N = 74) between 18-25 years (M age = 20.4, SD = 1.63) completed five surveys on smartphones daily for seven days. EMA measures assessed body comparisons, body dissatisfaction, and exercise cognitions and behaviors. Baseline body dissatisfaction, comparison tendency, and exercise behavior were examined as moderators. Multilevel analyses revealed that both self-improvement and self-evaluation were associated with greater exercise thoughts (p s <.05), but not with changes in body dissatisfaction (p s>.05). Moderator analyses revealed differences between the two types and their associations with outcomes for select subgroups. For example, self-improvement comparisons were associated with fewer exercise thoughts among participants with high baseline exercise behaviors (p <.01). Further research is needed to understand the differences between self-improvement and self-evaluation and the potential protective mechanisms of self-improvement.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Blind Peer Reviewed; Continental Europe; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed
    • Special Interest:
      Women's Health
    • ISSN:
      1740-1445
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 101222431
    • Publication Date:
      20200720
    • Publication Date:
      20200720
    • DOI:
      10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002
    • Accession Number:
      144360427
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MACINTYRE, R. I. et al. An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise. Body Image, [s. l.], v. 33, p. 264–277, 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144360427. Acesso em: 26 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      MacIntyre RI, Heron KE, Braitman AL, Arigo D. An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise. Body Image. 2020;33:264-277. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002
    • APA:
      MacIntyre, R. I., Heron, K. E., Braitman, A. L., & Arigo, D. (2020). An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise. Body Image, 33, 264–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      MacIntyre, Rachel I., Kristin E. Heron, Abby L. Braitman, and Danielle Arigo. 2020. “An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-Improvement and Self-Evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise.” Body Image 33 (June): 264–77. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002.
    • Harvard:
      MacIntyre, R. I. et al. (2020) ‘An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise’, Body Image, 33, pp. 264–277. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      MacIntyre, RI, Heron, KE, Braitman, AL & Arigo, D 2020, ‘An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise’, Body Image, vol. 33, pp. 264–277, viewed 26 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      MacIntyre, Rachel I., et al. “An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-Improvement and Self-Evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise.” Body Image, vol. 33, June 2020, pp. 264–277. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      MacIntyre, Rachel I., Kristin E. Heron, Abby L. Braitman, and Danielle Arigo. “An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-Improvement and Self-Evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise.” Body Image 33 (June 2020): 264–77. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      MacIntyre RI, Heron KE, Braitman AL, Arigo D. An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women’s Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise. Body Image [Internet]. 2020 Jun [cited 2020 Sep 26];33:264–77. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144360427