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Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Université du Québec a Montréal
      Université de Montréal
      Université Grenoble Alpes
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The aim of this ecological momentary assessment study was to explore how students' momentary levels of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility fluctuate during an intervention based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Fifty-nine (n = 59) Canadian postsecondary students took part in this study. They were invited to participate in 5 group workshops of 2.5 hr in length and to use a smartphone application designed for ecological momentary assessment. Data collection spanned 5 consecutive weeks. Students were prompted once per day at random times between 8:30 a.m. and 8:30 p.m., for a maximum of 5 times per week and 25 intended prompts. Analyses were conducted using multilevel modeling. The results show that (a) students' momentary levels of stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility did not change significantly during the intervention; (b) students' momentary psychological flexibility was associated with their momentary stress and well-being; and (c) the association between students' momentary psychological flexibility and well-being became stronger over time. The results of this within-person research study extend previous between-person studies carried out on ACT and reinforce the importance of helping postsecondary students cultivate psychological flexibility to promote their mental health.
      L'objectif de cette étude d'évaluation écologique momentanée était d'explorer comment les niveaux de stress, de bien-être et de souplesse psychologique momentanés chez les étudiants fluctuaient au cours d'une intervention fondée sur l'acceptation et la thérapie d'engagement (ACT). Cinquante-neuf (n = 59) étudiants canadiens aux études postsecondaires ont participé a cette étude. Ils ont été invités a participer a cinq ateliers de groupe d'une durée de deux heures et demie et a utiliser une application de téléphone intelligent conçue pour une évaluation écologique momentanée. La collecte de données s'est échelonnée sur cinq semaines consécutives. Les étudiants recevaient une invitation une fois par jour a des heures aléatoires entre 8 h 30 et 20 h 30, pour un maximum de 5 fois par semaine et 25 invitations prévues. Des analyses ont été effectuées a l'aide de modèles multiniveaux. Les résultats montrent que (a) les niveaux de stress, de bien-être et de souplesse psychologique momentanés chez les étudiants n'ont pas changé de façon significative pendant l'intervention; (b) la souplesse psychologique momentanée des étudiants était associée a leur stress et a leur bien-être momentanés; et (c) l'association entre la souplesse psychologique et le bien-être des étudiants devenait plus forte avec le temps. Les résultats de cette étude de recherche intrapersonnelle approfondissent les études antérieures interpersonnelles réalisées sur l'ACT et renforcent l'importance d'aider les étudiants aux études postsecondaires a cultiver la souplesse psychologique pour promouvoir leur santé mentale.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Canada
    • ISSN:
      0008-400X
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 0172445
    • Publication Date:
      20200722
    • Publication Date:
      20200722
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cbs0000175
    • Accession Number:
      144464106
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GRÉGOIRE, S. et al. Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, [s. l.], v. 52, n. 3, p. 231–243, 2020. DOI 10.1037/cbs0000175. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144464106. Acesso em: 20 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Grégoire S, Chénier C, Doucerain M, Lachance L, Shankland R. Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. 2020;52(3):231-243. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175
    • APA:
      Grégoire, S., Chénier, C., Doucerain, M., Lachance, L., & Shankland, R. (2020). Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 52(3), 231–243. https://doi.org/10.1037/cbs0000175
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Grégoire, Simon, Christophe Chénier, Marina Doucerain, Lise Lachance, and Rebecca Shankland. 2020. “Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 52 (3): 231–43. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Harvard:
      Grégoire, S. et al. (2020) ‘Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy’, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 52(3), pp. 231–243. doi: 10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Grégoire, S, Chénier, C, Doucerain, M, Lachance, L & Shankland, R 2020, ‘Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy’, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 231–243, viewed 20 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Grégoire, Simon, et al. “Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, vol. 52, no. 3, July 2020, pp. 231–243. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Grégoire, Simon, Christophe Chénier, Marina Doucerain, Lise Lachance, and Rebecca Shankland. “Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 52, no. 3 (July 2020): 231–43. doi:10.1037/cbs0000175.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Grégoire S, Chénier C, Doucerain M, Lachance L, Shankland R. Ecological Momentary Assessment of Stress, Well-Being, and Psychological Flexibility Among College and University Students During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Sep 20];52(3):231–43. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144464106