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Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults' Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Keyword(s):
      Ecological Momentary Assessment; Mobile phone; Physical activity; Physical context; Sedentary behavior; Social context
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: This study used Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), a real-time self-report strategy, to describe the physical and social contexts of adults' physical activity and sedentary activity during their everyday lives and to determine whether these patterns and relationships differ for men and women. Methods: Data from 114 adults were collected through mobile phones across 4 days. Eight electronic EMA surveys were randomly prompted each day asking about current activities (e.g., physical or sedentary activity), physical and social contexts, and perceived outdoor environmental features (e.g., greenness/vegetation, safety, and traffic). All participants also wore accelerometers during this period to objectively measure moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary activity. Results: Home was the most common physical context for EMA-reported physical and sedentary activity. Most of these activities occurred when participants were alone. When alone, the most commonly EMA-reported physical activity and sedentary activity was walking and reading/using computer, respectively. When in outdoor home locations (e.g., yard and driveway) women demonstrated higher levels of MVPA, whereas men demonstrated higher levels of MVPA when in outdoor park settings ( ps < .05). Men but not women demonstrated higher levels of MVPA in settings with a greater degree of perceived greenness and vegetation ( p < .05). Conclusions: The current study shows how EMA via mobile phones and accelerometers can be combined to offer an innovative approach to assess the contexts of adults' daily physical and sedentary activity. Future studies could consider utilizing this method in more representative samples to gather context-specific information to inform the development of physical activity interventions. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR
    • Author Affiliations:
      1 Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles USA
    • ISSN:
      10705503
    • Publication Type:
      Publication Type: Article Update Code: 20150130
    • Accession Number:
      100712064
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LIAO, Y.; INTILLE, S.; DUNTON, G. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, [s. l.], v. 22, n. 1, p. 51–61, 2015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Liao Y, Intille S, Dunton G. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2015;22(1):51-61. Accessed September 25, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064
    • APA:
      Liao, Y., Intille, S., & Dunton, G. (2015). Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22(1), 51–61.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Liao, Yue, Stephen Intille, and Genevieve Dunton. 2015. “Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 22 (1): 51–61. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064.
    • Harvard:
      Liao, Y., Intille, S. and Dunton, G. (2015) ‘Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur’, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22(1), pp. 51–61. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064 (Accessed: 25 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Liao, Y, Intille, S & Dunton, G 2015, ‘Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur’, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 51–61, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Liao, Yue, et al. “Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 22, no. 1, Feb. 2015, pp. 51–61. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Liao, Yue, Stephen Intille, and Genevieve Dunton. “Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 22, no. 1 (February 2015): 51–61. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Liao Y, Intille S, Dunton G. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Understand Where and With Whom Adults’ Physical and Sedentary Activity Occur. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine [Internet]. 2015 Feb [cited 2020 Sep 25];22(1):51–61. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=100712064