Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Keyword(s):
      Ecological momentary assessment; reactivity; self‐monitoring; self-monitoring; smoking cessation
    • Abstract:
      Aims Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) captures real-time reports in subjects' natural environments. This experiment manipulated EMA frequency to estimate effects on abstinence and peri-cessation subjective experiences. Design In this randomized trial, subjects had an equal chance of being assigned to low-frequency (once) or high-frequency (six times) daily EMA for 4 weeks (1 week pre- and 3 weeks post-cessation). Participants completed six office visits over 5 weeks and 6- and 12-week follow-up telephone interviews. Setting Community participants were recruited from central New Jersey, USA. Participants One hundred and ten adult daily smokers seeking to quit smoking were included in intent-to-treat analyses of tobacco abstinence; 94 were available for secondary analyses of peri-cessation subjective ratings. Measurements Primary outcomes were cessation (abstaining at least 24 hours within 2 weeks of attempting to quit) and prolonged abstinence (no relapse between weeks 2 and 12 post-quit). Secondary outcomes were mean levels and growth in ratings of cigarette craving, affect and quitting motivation and self-efficacy. Findings EMA frequency was unrelated to cessation (odds ratio = 1.367, 95% confidence interval = 0.603-3.098) or prolonged abstinence (odds ratio = 1.040, 95% confidence interval = 0.453-2.388) in intent-to-treat analyses. High-frequency EMA was associated with lower craving (B = -0.544, standard error (SE) = 0.183, P = 0.004, anxiety ( B = -0.424, SE = 0.170, P = 0.015), anger (B = -0.474, SE = 0.139, P = 0.001), hunger (B = -0.388, SE = 0.170, P = 0.025) and positive affect (B = -0.430, SE = 0.196, P = 0.03). Conclusions In smokers trying to quit, more frequent ecological momentary assessment self-monitoring results in lower craving, anxiety, anger, hunger and positive affect. It is not clear whether this translates into higher rates of smoking abstinence. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR
    • Author Affiliations:
      1 Department of Psychology and Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick NJ, USA; 2 Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence RI, USA; 3 Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York NY, USA; 4 Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven CT, USA
    • ISSN:
      09652140
    • Publication Type:
      Publication Type: Article Update Code: 20150909
    • Accession Number:
      109323704
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MCCARTHY, D. E. et al. An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking. Addiction, [s. l.], v. 110, n. 10, p. 1549–1560, 2015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704. Acesso em: 24 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      McCarthy DE, Minami H, Yeh VM, Bold KW. An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking. Addiction. 2015;110(10):1549-1560. Accessed September 24, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704
    • APA:
      McCarthy, D. E., Minami, H., Yeh, V. M., & Bold, K. W. (2015). An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking. Addiction, 110(10), 1549–1560.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      McCarthy, Danielle E., Haruka Minami, Vivian M. Yeh, and Krysten W. Bold. 2015. “An Experimental Investigation of Reactivity to Ecological Momentary Assessment Frequency among Adults Trying to Quit Smoking.” Addiction 110 (10): 1549–60. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704.
    • Harvard:
      McCarthy, D. E. et al. (2015) ‘An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking’, Addiction, 110(10), pp. 1549–1560. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704 (Accessed: 24 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      McCarthy, DE, Minami, H, Yeh, VM & Bold, KW 2015, ‘An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking’, Addiction, vol. 110, no. 10, pp. 1549–1560, viewed 24 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      McCarthy, Danielle E., et al. “An Experimental Investigation of Reactivity to Ecological Momentary Assessment Frequency among Adults Trying to Quit Smoking.” Addiction, vol. 110, no. 10, Oct. 2015, pp. 1549–1560. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      McCarthy, Danielle E., Haruka Minami, Vivian M. Yeh, and Krysten W. Bold. “An Experimental Investigation of Reactivity to Ecological Momentary Assessment Frequency among Adults Trying to Quit Smoking.” Addiction 110, no. 10 (October 2015): 1549–60. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      McCarthy DE, Minami H, Yeh VM, Bold KW. An experimental investigation of reactivity to ecological momentary assessment frequency among adults trying to quit smoking. Addiction [Internet]. 2015 Oct [cited 2020 Sep 24];110(10):1549–60. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=109323704