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Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      ADHD
      ecological momentary assessment
      geographic information system
      global positioning system
      nicotine dependence
      smoking
    • Abstract:
      Objective:Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods have provided a rich assessment of the contextual factors associated with a wide range of behaviors including alcohol use, eating, physical activity, and smoking. Despite this rich database, this information has not been linked to specific locations in space. Such location information, which can now be easily acquired from global positioning system (GPS) tracking devices, could provide unique information regarding the space-time distribution of behaviors and new insights into their determinants. In a proof of concept study, we assessed the acceptability and feasibility of acquiring and combining EMA and GPS data from adult smokers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Methods:Participants were adults with ADHD who were enrolled in a larger EMA study on smoking and psychiatric symptoms. Among those enrolled in the latter study who were approached to participate (N= 11), 10 consented, provided daily EMA entries, and carried a GPS device with them during a 7-day assessment period to assess aspects of their smoking behavior.Results:The majority of those eligible to participate were willing to carry a GPS device and signed the consent (10 out of 11, 91%). Of the 10 who consented, 7 participants provided EMA entries and carried the GPS device with them daily for at least 70% of the sampling period. Data are presented on the spatial distribution of smoking episodes and ADHD symptoms on a subset of the sample to demonstrate applications of GPS data.Conclusions:We conclude by discussing how EMA and GPS might be used to study the ecology of smoking and make recommendations for future research and analysis. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
      2School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland
      3Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
      4Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
      5VA Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    • Full Text Word Count:
      7120
    • ISSN:
      1550-4263
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/15504263.2013.866841
    • Accession Number:
      94451416
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MITCHELL, J. et al. Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, [s. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 19–29, 2014. DOI 10.1080/15504263.2013.866841. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=sih&AN=94451416. Acesso em: 24 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Mitchell J, Schick R, Hallyburton M, et al. Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study. Journal of Dual Diagnosis. 2014;10(1):19-29. doi:10.1080/15504263.2013.866841
    • APA:
      Mitchell, J., Schick, R., Hallyburton, M., Dennis, M., Kollins, S., Beckham, J., & McClernon, F. J. (2014). Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 10(1), 19–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2013.866841
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Mitchell, JohnT., RobertS. Schick, Matt Hallyburton, MichelleF. Dennis, ScottH. Kollins, JeanC. Beckham, and F.Joseph McClernon. 2014. “Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study.” Journal of Dual Diagnosis 10 (1): 19–29. doi:10.1080/15504263.2013.866841.
    • Harvard:
      Mitchell, J. et al. (2014) ‘Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study’, Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 10(1), pp. 19–29. doi: 10.1080/15504263.2013.866841.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Mitchell, J, Schick, R, Hallyburton, M, Dennis, M, Kollins, S, Beckham, J & McClernon, FJ 2014, ‘Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study’, Journal of Dual Diagnosis, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 19–29, viewed 24 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Mitchell, JohnT., et al. “Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study.” Journal of Dual Diagnosis, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan. 2014, pp. 19–29. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/15504263.2013.866841.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Mitchell, JohnT., RobertS. Schick, Matt Hallyburton, MichelleF. Dennis, ScottH. Kollins, JeanC. Beckham, and F.Joseph McClernon. “Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study.” Journal of Dual Diagnosis 10, no. 1 (January 2014): 19–29. doi:10.1080/15504263.2013.866841.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Mitchell J, Schick R, Hallyburton M, Dennis M, Kollins S, Beckham J, et al. Combined Ecological Momentary Assessment and Global Positioning System Tracking to Assess Smoking Behavior: A Proof of Concept Study. Journal of Dual Diagnosis [Internet]. 2014 Jan [cited 2020 Sep 24];10(1):19–29. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=sih&AN=94451416